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ArcheoBiblioBase: Archives in Russia: H-235

Last update of repository: 18 March 2020

Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh (GE)

Finding Aids —  Published — General:

Archives of Russia (2000), pp. 1068-80; PKG M&L (1972), p. 341; Myl'nikov (1970), p. 20; Malyshev (1949), pp. 455-56; Arkhivy Rossii (1997), pp. 827-36; Khudozh. musei Rossii (1999), pp. 193-94; Muzei SPb (1994), pp. 19-22; Biblioteki SPb (1993), p. 60; Peterburg (1992), pp. 677-78; GAF Spravochnik (1991), pp. 38-40; Muzei Leningrada (1989), pp. 120-53; Muzei Leningrada (1982), pp. 56-61.

There is no comprehensive published guide to all of the manuscript and archival materials in the museum, nor are there published descriptions of many of the divisions, although there are recent guides to some sections of the Hermitage Archive.

General and Historical Surveys
Archive and Photographic Archive
Hermitage Library
Division of the History of Russian Culture
Oriental Division
Byzantine Collections
Division of Numismatics
Museum of Porcelain

General and Historical Surveys

h-1230. * Ermitazh: Istoriia zdanii i kollektsii: Al'bom. St. Petersburg: Al'fa-Kolor, 2008. 304 p. + ill.

h-1231. Great Art Treasures of the Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. Edited by V.A. Suslov. 2 vols. London: Booth-Clibborn Editions; New York: Abrams, 1994. (Lib: DDO; DLC; MH).
        Vol. 1: Art of the Early Cultures, Classical Antiquities, Oriental Works of Art, Coins and Medals, Arms and Armour. 692 p.
        Vol. 2: Western European Art, Russian Art and Culture. 879 p.

An elaborate two-volume folio edition with colored illustrations from the Hermitage collections. Authoritative introductions characterize major divisions of the museum, exhibiting samples of the treasures of world art from paleolithic times to the twentieth century. Annotations include notes about provenance and sources of acquisition. Each volume has separate indexes and bibliography.

h-1232. Voronikhina, Liudmila Nikolaevna. Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh. 2d ed. Moscow: “Iskusstvo”, 1992. 399 p.
        1st ed.: L.: “Iskusstvo,” 1983. 456 p. + plates. “Goroda i muzei mira.” (Lib: DLC; MH).

A popular history of the foundation and development of the Hermitage collections, characterizing all divisions of the museum, with emphasis on monuments of world art from paleolithic times to the twentieth century. Includes bibliography (pp. 382–87).

h-1233. Ermitazh: Istoriia i sovremennost'. Edited by V.A. Suslov. Moscow: “Iskusstvo”, 1990. 367 p. (Lib: IU; MH).

A detailed history of the museum from its foundation to the present with a survey of the formation of its collections in different divisions, including information on the archival materials.

h-1234. Piotrovskii, Boris Borisovich. Ermitazh: Istoriia i kollektsii. [Moscow]: “Iskusstvo”, 1980. 215 p. (Lib: DLC; IU).

A history of the museum and the formation of its collections. Includes name and geographic indexes.

h-1234.1. Piotrovskii, Boris Borisovich. The Hermitage: Its History and Collections. Edited by P. Creagh. New York: Johnson Reprint Corp. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982. 215 p. + plates. (Lib: MH).

An English translation of h–1234. Includes a bibliography.

h-1235. Ermitazh za 200 let (1764–1964): Istoriia i sostav kollektsii, rabota muzeia. Edited by B. Piotrovskii. Moscow: “Sovetskii khudozhnik”, 1966. 184 p. Introduction by B.B. Piotrovskii. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

h-1236. Persianova, Ol'ga M. Sokrovishchnitsa mirovogo iskusstva: Obzor kollektsii Ermitazha. Edited by M.I. Artamonov. 3d ed. Leningrad: “Sovetskii khudozhnik”, 1964. 156 p. (Lib: IU; MH).
        Earlier ed.: Ermitazh, sokrovishchnitsa mirovoi kul'tury i iskusstv. L.: Izd-vo Gos. Ermitazha, 1960. 111 p. (Lib: MH).

h-1237. Rest, Boris Isaakovich; and Varshavskii, Sergei Petrovich. Ermitazh: Ocherki iz istorii Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, 1764–1938. Edited by I.A. Orbeli. Moscow: “Iskusstvo”, 1940. 256 p. (Lib: DDO; IU).
        Earlier ed.: Leningrad: “Leningradskaia pravda,” 1939. ii, 252 p. (Lib: MH).

A history of the museum from the time of Catherine II to the 1930s.

h-1238. Rest, Boris Isaakovich; and Varshavskii, Sergei Petrovich. Riadom s Zimnim: [Iz istorii Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha. Ermitazh pered Oktiabrem]. Leningrad: “Sovetskii khudozhnik”, 1969. 152 p. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

An historical and documentary account based on a wide range of archival sources covering the period from 1907–October 1917.

h-1239. Rest, Boris Isaakovich; and Varshavskii, Sergei Petrovich. Bilet na vsiu vechnost'. 2d ed. Leningrad: Lenizdat, 1981. 496 p. (Lib: IU; MH).

An historical and documentary account based on a wide range of archival sources covering the postrevolutionary history to the mid-1920s.

h-1240. Rest, Boris Isaakovich; and Varshavskii, Sergei Petrovich. Podvig Ermitazha: Dokumental'naia povest'. 3d ed. Leningrad: Lenizdat, 1985. 174 p. “Biblioteka molodogo rabochego.” (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).
        2d ed.: Podvig Ermitazha: Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny. L.: “Sovetskii khudozhnik,” 1969. 192 p. (Lib: MH)
        1st ed.: L. 1965. 190 p. + 6 plates. (Lib: MH).

Describes the efforts and activities of the staff to save the Hermitage collections during World War II.

h-1240.1. Rest, Boris Isaakovich; and Varshavskii, Sergei Petrovich. The Ordeal of the Hermitage: The Siege of Leningrad, 1941–1944. Leningrad: Aurora Art Publishers/ New York: Abrams, 1985. 270 p. + 34 plates. (Lib: MH).

An elaborately illustrated, large-format English-language account (prepared for foreign consumption) of the Hermitage during the war, including evacuation, wartime damage, and postwar reconstruction. Includes many colored illustrations of the Hermitage buildings and present-day interiors with black-and-white pictures of wartime damage and evacuation efforts. Identical to h–1240.2, except for the variant English title (also notes the original Russian title Spasennyi dlia chelovechestva). Some of the materials duplicate the coverage in h–1240; but this edition differs significantly from that Russian version.

h-1240.2. Rest, Boris Isaakovich; and Varshavskii, Sergei Petrovich. Saved for Humanity: The Hermitage During the Siege of Leningrad, 1941–1944. Leningrad: Aurora Art Publishers, 1985. 270 p. + 34 plates. (Lib: MH).

Identical to h–1240.1 (with the original Russian title Spasennyi dlia chelovechestva), except for the variant title; issued directly by “Aurora” without collaboration with the New York publisher.

h-1241. Zhil', F.A. Muzei Imperatorskogo Ermitazha: Opisanie razlichnykh sobranii, sostavliaiushchikh muzei, s istoricheskim vvedeniem ob Ermitazhe imperatritsy Ekateriny II i o obrazovanii Muzeia Novogo Ermitazha. St. Petersburg: Tip. Imp. AN, 1861. xxxiii, 409, [8] p. (Lib: DDO; DLC; IU).

In addition to its coverage of other parts of the museum, includes a survey of the manuscript collections (pp. 25–117) and library (pp. 119–37) of the Imperial Hermitage, although most of the manuscripts described are now in the Hermitage Collection in the Manuscript Division of RNB (G–15).

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Archive and Photographic Archive

h-1245. Arkhiv Gosudarstvennogo ordena Lenina Ermitazha: Putevoditel'. Compiled by E.M. Iakovleva and G.I. Kachalina. Leningrad: GE, 1988. 40 p. (Lib: DLC).

The first part of the guide is a survey of five fonds—the Hermitage Fond, the Imperial Libraries and Arsenal Fond, the Architect of the Winter Palace Fond, the State Museum Fond, and the Collection of Pictorial Materials, which contain documents from 1767 to the present.

h-1246. Lichnye arkhivnye fondy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha: Spravochnik. Compiled by G.I. Kachalina. St. Peterburg: GE, 1992. 28 p. + 16 plates. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A description of 21 personal fonds in the archives of the State Hermitage.

h-1247. Fotoarkhiv Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha: Spravochnik-putevoditel'. Compiled by V.F. Marishkina. St. Petersburg: GE, 1992. 22 p. + 19 plates. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

The first published guide to the Photographic Archive. Includes an article by the compiler on the history of photography in the Hermitage (pp. 8–21).

h-1248. * Ermitazh: khronika voennykh let 1941–1945 (Dokumenty Arkhiva Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha). Compiled by E.M. Iakovleva and E.I. Solomakha. St. Petersburg: Izd-vo Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha, 2005. 136 p. (Lib: MH).

Articles, memoirs, documents about efforts to protect the Hermitage and its collections during WWII. Color plates, black-and-white photos.

h-1249. Miroliubova, G.A.; and Petrova, T.A. Russkaia fotografiia, 1840–1910: Iz sobraniia Ermitazha. Leningrad: GE, 1991. 55 p. (Lib: MH).

An exhibition catalogue of Russian artistic and documentary photography from the Hermitage collections, with an index of photographers and firms (pp. 54–55).

h-1250. Marishkina, Valentina Fedorovna. “Fotograf Imperatorskogo Ermitazha F.L. Mikolaevskii: (Lichnyi arkhiv).” In Ermitazhnye chteniia pamiati B.B. Piotrovskogo: Tezisy dokladov, edited by E.V. Zeimal', pp. 32–33. St. Petersburg, 1993. (Lib: DLC; MH).

A survey of photographic materials of F.L. Mikolaevskii (Nikolaevskii), the initial “official” photographer of the Hermitage (1890–1917), part from the Ministry of the Imperial Court, but most purchased from his daughter E.F. Nikolaevskaia.

h-1251. Marishkina, Valentina Fedorovna. “Gospital' v Zimnem dvortse.” Sovetskii muzei, 1991, no. 6, pp. 52–56. (Lib: DLC; IU).

A published survey of photographic materials relating to soldiers in the hospital of the Winter Palace, which was organized under the tutelage of the imperial family during World War I.

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Hermitage Library

h-1255. Card Catalog of the Library of the State Hermitage Museum, St. Petersburg. New York: Norman Ross Publishers, 1998–. 480 microfiche.

A microfiche edition of the Hermitage Library catalogue, covering over 700,000 volumes in Russian and other languages, in several series, including rare books, periodicals, manuscripts, and museum catalogues.

h-1256. Biblioteka Ermitazha v imenakh i sobraniiakh: Katalog vystavki k Mezhdunarodnomu kollokviumu bibliofilov, 14–16 sentiabria 1994 g. Compiled by G.V. Vilinbakhov, et al. St. Petersburg: GE, 1994. 88 p. Introduction by E.I. Makarova. Parallel texts in Russian and French. (Lib: DLC; MH).

Provides a summary history and survey of the collections.

h-1257. Vol'tsenburg, Oskar Edvardovich. Biblioteka Ermitazha: Kratkii istoricheskii ocherk. Leningrad, 1940. 80 p. [GE] (Lib: DDO; MH).

A history of the library of the Imperial State Hermitage and the fate of its collections.

h-1258. Pavlova, Zhermena K. Imperatorskaia biblioteka Ermitazha. 1762–1917. [Tenafly, NJ]: Ermitazh, 1988. 213, [8] p. Added English title page: The Hermitage Imperial Library, 1762–1917. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A popularized account of the prerevolutionary Hermitage Library by a former curator with supplementary information on the fate of its collections after 1917. Includes considerable bibliography (pp. 203–13). See also the same author's essay in h–1262.

h-1259. Shcheglov, V.V. Sobstvennye Ego Imperatorskogo Velichestva biblioteki i arsenaly: Kratkii istoricheskii ocherk. 1715–1915 gg. Petrograd: Gosudarstvennaia tip. 1917. 169 p.

An account by the chief librarian of the imperial libraries before the Revolution, contains much valuable information on the history and fate of the manuscript collections.

h-1260. Budaragin, Vladimir Pavlovich. “Drevne-russkie rukopisi Kabineta redkoi knigi Nauchnoi biblioteki Ermitazha.” In Issledovatel'skie materialy dlia “Slovaria knizhnikov i knizhnosti Drevnei Rusi”, pp. 420–23. Leningrad: Nauka, 1988. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).
Electronic edition:

A brief survey of 60 early Russian manuscripts in the Cabinet of Rare Books.

h-1261. Afiani, Vitalii Iur'evich. “Dokumental'nye sokrovishcha Ermitazha.” Arkheograficheskii ezhegodnik za 1989 god (1990), pp. 265–66. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

h-1262. Nauchnaia biblioteka Ermitazha. Edited by A.I. Korobochko. Leningrad, 1975. “Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha,” vol. 16. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Includes a history of the book collection of Catherine II by Zh.K. Pavlova (pp. 6–32), including some manuscript materials, an analysis of a manuscript by the French art critic François Meil, “Salon de 1814” (pp. 61–65), a sixteenth-century “Stammbuch” (travel album) (pp. 66–72), and a catalogue of etchings by the engraver Basile Mathé (1856–1917) (pp. 133–60), along with other articles covering rare printed books in the library collection.

h-1263. Rossiia-Frantsiia. Vek Prosveshcheniia. Russko-frantsuzskie kul'turnye sviazi v XVIII stoletii: Katalog vystavki. Edited by O.V. Mikats. Leningrad, 1987. 301 p. [Minkul't SSSR; GE].

The catalogue contains published annotations to three manuscript books (nos. 146, 158, 180) in the Hermitage Library that were displayed at the exhibition.

h-1264. Kostsova, Aleksandra Semenovna. “‘Tituliarnik’ sobraniia Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha.” In Russkaia kul'tura i iskusstvo, edited by A.V. Pomarnitskii and V.N. Vasil'ev, pp. 16–40. (Lib: DDO; MH).

Analyzes the Tituliarnik held in the Hermitage Library in comparison with other well-known illuminated manuscripts of that type.

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Division of the History of Russian Culture

h-1270. Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh: Putevoditeli po vystavkam: Arkhitektura Petrograda-Leningrada v pamiatnikakh izobrazitel'nogo iskusstva i arkhitekturnykh chertezhakh. Compiled by L.V. Antonova and T.M. Sokolova. Edited by M.I. Artamonov. Moscow: “Iskusstvo”, 1954. 68 p.

A survey of the Russian architectural graphic materials (18th–19th cc.).

h-1271. Arkhitekturnaia grafika Rossii: Pervaia polovina XVIII v.: Nauchnyi katalog sobraniia Ermitazha. Compiled by A.N. Voronikhina. Leningrad, 1981. 170 p. + 6 plates. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

h-1272. Kostsova, Aleksandra Semenovna; and Kurochkina, N. Drevnerusskie stennye rospisi v risunkakh nachala XX v. iz sobraniia Ermitazha: Katalog vremennoi vystavki. Leningrad: GE, 1977. 6 p.

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Oriental Division
The description of 8 Armenian manuscripts held in the State Hermitage, see in: Iuzbashian, Karen Nikitovich. Armianskie rukopisi v Peterburgskikh sobraniiakh: Katalog (St. Petersburg, 2005), pp. 206–209 (electronic edition of annotation, introduction, summary, contents, indexes available electronically:

h-1274. *Adamova, Adel' Tigranovna. Persidskie rukopisi, zhivopis' i risunok XV–nachala XX veka. Katalog kollektsii. St. Petersburg: Ermitazh, 2010. 512 p. [Gosudarstvennyi Ermitazh] (Lib: MH).
        English ed.: Adamova A. Persian Manuscripts, Paintings and Drawings: from the 15th to the early 20th century in the Hermitage collection. Edited by Simon Hartly. Translated by J.M. Rogers. London: Azimuth Editions, 2012. 412 p.

h-1275. Bank, Alisa Vladimirovna. Vostochnye sobraniia Ermitazha. (Obshchaia kharakteristika, osnovnye linii issledovaniia)/The Oriental Collections of the Hermitage Museum. Leningrad: Izd-vo GE, 1960. 86 p. (XXV Mezhdunarodnyi kongress vostokovedov). (Lib: DLC; MH).
Parallel text in Russian and English.

A detailed survey of the history of the formation and activities of the museum in the Byzantine and Oriental fields. Includes bibliography (pp. 53–83).

h-1276. Ernshtedt, Petr Viktorovich. Koptskie teksty Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha. Moscow: Izd-vo AN SSSR, 1959. 191 p. [AN SSSR; Otdelenie literatury i iazyka] (Lib: DDO; DLC; MH).

A scholarly description of Coptic papyri (4th–10th cc.), with facsimiles of some texts.

h-1277. *Izmailova, T.A. “Armianskie illustrirovannye rukopisi Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha.” Trudy Gosudarstvennogo Ermitazha 10 (Leningrad, 1969), pp. 110–41.

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Byzantine Collections

h-1280. Vizantinovedenie v Ermitazhe. Edited by V.S. Shandrovskaia. Leningrad, 1991. 146 p. (K Mezhdunarodnomu kongressu vizantinistov, Moskva, 8–15 avgusta 1991 goda / Published on the occasion of the 18th International Congress of Byzantine Studies, August 1991, Moscow. Parallel text in Russian and English). [GE] (Lib: DDO; MH).

A detailed survey of Byzantine holdings in the Hermitage with well-annotated studies of the history of many of the major collections involved, including those from archeological expeditions and private collections such as those of N.P. Likhachev and A.P. Smirnov. Includes bibliography (pp. 120–43).

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Division of Numismatics

h-1283. Numizmatika v Ermitazhe: Sbornik nauchnykh trudov. Edited by V.M. Potin. Leningrad: Gos. Ermitazh, 1987. 191 p. (Lib: DDO; MH).

A collection of articles celebrating the bicentennial of the Hermitage numismatics collections, including a history of the division (1787–1987) by the division head (pp. 3–9) and articles about several different collections, with references to available manuscript catalogues. Includes considerable bibliography.

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Museum of Porcelain

h-1285. *Vol'f, Nikolai Borisovich. Imperatorskii farforovyi zavod 1744–1904: Al'bom. St. Petersburg: Gosudarstvennyi muzei-zapovednik “Petergof;” Sankt-Peterburg Orkestr, 2003. 422 p. (Lib: MH).
        Originally published: [St. Peterburg]: Izdanie upravleniia Imperatorskimi zavodami, [1906].

A history, with many black-and-white, color plates, of the Imperial Porcelain Factory, which inaugurated porcelain production in Russia. The factory, now known as the Lomonosov Porcelain Factory, is famous for, among other things, the cobalt-blue and gold dinnerware created for Catherine the Great. Republication of the 1906 edition, with modernized orthography.

h-1286. Lansere, Alla Konstantinovna. Russkii farfor: Iskusstvo pervogo v Rossii farforovogo zavoda/Russian porcelain: The art of the first Russian porcelain works. Leningrad: “Khudozhnik RSFSR”, 1968. 270 p. + plates. Added titles in German and French; text also in English, German and French. (Lib: MH-F).

h-1287. Russkii khudozhestvennyi farfor: Sbornik statei o Gosudarstvennom farforovom zavode. Edited by M.B. Farmakovskii and E.F. Gollerbakh. Leningrad, 1924. 165 p. + plates. (Lib: MH-F).

An illustrated collection of articles on the history of the factory, including one about the history of the museum since its foundation in 1844 (pp. 115–29). Includes extensive bibliography (pp. 160–62) and short French resumés and captions.

h-1288. “Farfornyi zavod im. M.V. Lomonosova.” Voprosy istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki, 1962, no. 12, pp. 238–39. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

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