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ArcheoBiblioBase: Archives in Russia: E-31Last update of repository: 15 March 2020
Sankt-Peterburgskii filial Instituta istorii estestvoznaniia i tekhniki im. S.I. Vavilova RAN (SPbF IIET)
The initial forerunner of the present Institute was the Commission to Publish a Collection “Russian Science,” which was founded in Petrograd under the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1917. In 1921 its functions were transferred to the Commission on the History of Science directed by V.I. Vernadskii, which was soon renamed the Commission on the History of Knowledge (KIZ). After the reorganization of KIZ in 1932, the Institute for the History of Science and Technology was founded, but disbanded in 1938 in connection with the arrest of its director, N.I. Bukharin. In its stead, commissions were established for the history of different branches of science and technology under the divisions of the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
The Institute of the History of Natural Science, founded in 1944 under the Academy of Sciences, was organized in Moscow in February 1945 (see E–6). In 1953 it was merged with the Commission for the History of Natural Science and Technology and the Commission for the History of Chemistry to form the Institute of the History of Natural Science and Technology with a division in Leningrad (LO IIET AN SSSR). In 1975 the Leningrad Division was reorganized in connection with the transfer of a number of sectors and the foundation of the Institute for Socio-Economic Problems of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1991 it was again reorganized as a Branch of the IIET RAN, which had been renamed in honor of S.I. Vavilov in 1990.
The M.V. Lomonosov Museum after 1947 was structurally part of the Institute of Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences, and in 1953 was transferred to IIET. From 1993 on, however, it came under the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of Peter the Great (Kuntskammer—E–29).
The Problematic Group for Study of the Scientific Legacy of P.K. Kozlov was established in 1988 within the Sector of History of the Academy of Sciences, and simultaneously the Kozlov Memorial Apartment-Museum was organized in Leningrad, under the auspices of LO IIET.
N.B. The archives of the Commission on the History of Knowledge (KIZ) for 1916–1935 and the Leningrad Division of the Institute of the History of the Natural Science and Technology for 1953–1975 held in St. Petersburg Branch of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences (PFA RAN, E–25, fond 154, 1834–1936; electronically: http://isaran.ru/isaran/isaran.php?pa... and fond 1043 1953–1975; electronically: http://isaran.ru/isaran/isaran.php?pa...).