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ArcheoBiblioBase: Archives in Russia: B-12

Last update of repository: 3 December 2020

Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsial'no-politicheskoi istorii (RGASPI)

Go to:    Finding Aids — General — Unpublished   Finding Aids — Specialized

Finding Aids —  Published — General:

Archives of Russia (2000), pp. 249-63; Arkhivy Rossii (1997), pp. 196-204, 209-11; Byvsh. arkhivy KPSS (1998), pp. 9-18, 23-27; Fed. arkhivy NSA (1994), pp. 88-96, 99-100; G&K Spravochnik (1983), pp. 38-43 and 360-65; PKG M&L (1972), pp. 244-47; Sup. 1 (1976), p. 81; CWIHP Bulletin, no. 1 (1992), p. 15.

See the Russian list of fonds and opisi at:

Fonds of the former Central Party Archive (TsPA, 1991–1999—RTsKhIDNI)
      • History and Surveys of Holdings
      • Serials
Fonds of the former Komsomol Archive (1992–1999— TsKhDMO)


b-514. Putevoditel' po fondam i kollektsiiam dokumentov KPSS (25 oktiabria (7 noiabria): 1917–avgust 1991 gg.). Compiled by I.N. Amiantov, L.A. Rogovaia, Z.N. Tikhonova, et al. Edited by I.N. Amiantov, K.M. Anderson, O.V. Naumov, L.A. Rogovaia and Z.N. Tikhonova. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2008. 463 p. [Rosarkhiv; RGASPI] “Spravochno-informatsionnye materialy k dokumental'nym i muzeinym fondam RGASPI,” vol. 4. (Lib: DLC).
Electronic edition:

Contains description of 142 fonds and collections of CP congresses and conferences, leading and control CP organizations, central CP institutions.

b-515. Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsial'no-politecheskoi istorii: Kratkii spravochnik. Compiled by I.N. Amiantov, I.A. Ioffe, Z.N. Tikhonova, I.V. Volkova, et al. Edited by I.N. Amiantov, K.M. Anderson, O.V. Naumov and Z.N. Tikhonova. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2004. 352 p. [Rosarkhiv; RGASPI] “Spravochno-informatsionnye materialy k dokumental'nym i muzeinym fondam RGASPI,” vol. 3. (Lib: MH).
Electronic edition:;

This third volume in the RGASPI guide series essentially replaces the first volume (vol. 1—1993; b–517 and b–517.1) and provides an initial up-to-dated, comprehensive, unannotated list of fonds in the various RGASPI components (now further updated by on-line coverage cited above). An introduction by Iurii Amiantov presents a helpful short history of RGASPI and its earlier separate components—the Central Party Archive (TsPA/RTsKhIDNI) and the Komsomol Archive (TsKhDMO). It lists all of those fonds, including those for TsKhDMO (earlier listed in b–548) and the archival and museum materials acquired since 1992 by RGASPI (and earlier RTsKhIDNI and TsKhDMO).

b-516. Rossiiskii tsentr khraneniia i izucheniia dokumentov noveishei istorii: Putevoditel' po fondam i kollektsiiam lichnogo proiskhozhdeniia. Compiled by I.N. Amiantov and Z.N. Tikhonova. Edited by I.N. Amiantov, K.M. Anderson, O.V. Naumov and Z.N. Tikhonova. Moscow, 1996. viii, 405 p. [Rosarkhiv; RTsKhIDNI] “Spravochno-informatsionnye materialy k dokumental'nym fondam RTsKhIDNI,” vol. 2. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).
Electronic edition:;

A detailed guide describing 240 fonds and collections of personal papers, supplementing data in the first volume of the RTsKhIDNI guide. In many cases the source and date of acquisition are indicated, as are other parts of the same individual's papers in other repositories within Russia and abroad, but these data are incomplete. The guide was started on the basis of an earlier guide to personal papers in CPSU archives, originally edited by Iu.N. Amiantov and V.V. Anikeev, intended as a third volume of the 1980 directory of personal papers (Lichnye arkhivnye fondy v gosudarstvennykh khranilishchakh SSSR: Ukazatel'. 3 vols. Moscow, 1962–1963, 1980). An appendix lists additional fonds and supplements to earlier fonds of personal papers received during 1995 from AP RF.

b-517. Rossiiskii tsentr khraneniia i izucheniia dokumentov noveishei istorii: Kratkii putevoditel'. Fondy i kollektsii, sobrannye Tsentral'nym partiinym arkhivom. Compiled by Z.G. Adibekova, I.N. Amiantov, S.S. Ivanova, et al. Edited by I.N. Amiantov, V.P. Kozlov, O.V. Naumov, et al. Moscow: “Blagovest”, 1993. viii, 201 p. “Spravochno-informatsionnye materialy k dokumental'nym fondam RTsKhIDNI,” vol. 1. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Now completely updated and revised by b–515, this first post-Soviet guide to the former TsPA provides a comprehensive list of all fonds and opisi within fonds (including those then still classified), and notes about other available reference materials.

b-517.1. Rossiiskii tsentr khraneniia i izucheniia dokumentov noveishei istorii: Kratkii putevoditel': Fondy i kollektsii, sobrannye Tsentral'nym partiinym arkhivom/Research Guide to the Russian Center for the Preservation and Study of Documents (Records) of Modern (Contemporary) History (former Central Party Archive). Compiled by I.N. Amiantov, O.V. Naumov, et al. Edited by J.A. Getty, V.P. Kozlov, et al. Moscow: “Blagovest”, 1993. xxx, 221 p. “Russian Archive Series,” vol. 1. (Lib: IU; MH).
Distributed abroad by REES, University of Pittsburgh.

The English edition of the same Russian guide (b–517), but includes an English preface by J. Arch Getty with a helpful survey history of the archive and its holdings, and appended English-language annotations for fonds and collections of Western provenance.

b-518. Amiantov, Iurii Nikolaevich; Nevolina, V.S.; and Tikhonova, Zoia Nikolaevna. “O podgotovke putevoditelei po fondam RTsKhIDNI.” Otechestvennye arkhivy, 1994, no. 1, pp. 88–92. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

An introduction to the archival holdings with discussion of the guides and other reference publications in preparation.

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Fonds of the former Central Party Archive (TsPA, 1991–1999—RTsKhIDNI)
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History and Surveys of Holdings

b-522. Kozlov, Vladimir Petrovich. “Rossiiskii tsentr khraneniia i izucheniia dokumentov noveishei istorii i ego perspektivy.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1992, no. 2, pp. 192–97. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

b-523. Kozlov, Vladimir Petrovich; and Shepelev, Valerii Nikolaevich. “Byvshyi partiinyi arkhiv otkryvaiet dveri.” Otechestvennye arkhivy, 1992, no. 2, pp. 2–15. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

b-524. Ot Tsentral'nogo partiinogo arkhiva—k Rossiiskomu tsentru khraneniia i izucheniia dokumentov noveishei istorii (RTsKhIDNI). Compiled by O.V. Naumov, V.N. Shepelev and V.S. Shumikhin. Edited by K.M. Anderson and V.P. Kozlov. Moscow: VNIIDAD, 1992. 92 p. “Peredovoi opyt v oblasti dokumentovedeniia i arkhivnogo dela. Informatsionnyi sbornik,” vol. 1(9).

A collection of documents and reports relating to the reorganization of the Central Party Archive into RTsKhISDNI.

b-525. Shepelev, Valerii Nikolaevich. “Tsentral'nyi partiinyi arkhiv otkryvaet svoi fondy (informatsiia dlia issledovatelia).” Sovetskie arkhivy, 1990, no. 4, pp. 19–31. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Briefly surveys the personal fonds of Stalin, Bukharin, Kamenev, Zinov'ev, Raskol'nikov, and Radek, and mentions portions of the Comintern records that were open at that time. See also the interview with the last TsPA director, I.N. Kitaev, “TsPA: ‘Million dokumentov dostupen issledovateliam’,” Voprosy istorii KPSS, 1990, no. 5, pp. 48–49, which also describes some of the newly opened documentation.

b-526. Voprosy metodiki raboty partiinykh arkhivov. Edited by I.N. Amiantov, V.N. Chernous and V.N. Shepelev. Moscow: TsPA IML, 1989. 200 p.

A collection of predominantly methodological articles about the Party Archive, including its establishment and development (pp. 2–29), its reference system (pp. 52–67), the use of documents of personnel reports in its reference work (pp. 92–135), and its collection and accession activities (pp. 136–158), among others. Includes a description of the former Central Archive of the Komsomol (TsA VLKSM) as then organized.

b-527. Ideinyi arsenal kommunistov. Compiled by Z.A. Levina and I.P. Verkhovtsev. Edited by G.D. Obichkina. 2d ed. Moscow: Izd-vo politicheskoi literatury, 1979. 245 p. + 16 plates. (Lib: MH).
        1st ED.: M.: Izd-vo politicheskoi literatury, 1971. 167 p. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

See especially the chapters “Tsentral'nyi partiinyi arkhiv instituta” (pp. 104–14) and “Tsentral'noe knigokhranilishche partii” (pp. 115–27).

b-528. Anikeev, V.V. Iz istorii obrazovaniia arkhivnogo fonda KPSS. Moscow: “Znanie”, 1984. 64 p. “Istoriia i politika KPSS.”

A scholarly account of the development of TsPA.

b-529. Maksakov, Vladimir Vasil'evich. Organizatsiia arkhivov KPSS (Uchebnoe posobie). Edited by I.F. Kononov. Moscow: MGIAI, 1968. 108 p. (Lib: DLC).

The most comprehensive coverage of the history and organization of the system of Party archives available, this pamphlet, prepared as a text for MGIAI, gives a general, administratively oriented account.

b-530. V.I. Lenin, KPSS i partiinye arkhivy. Compiled by E.A. Kupcha. Edited by I.N. Amiantov, V.V. Anikeev and N.V. Orlova. Moscow, 1988. 253 p. [TsPA IML] (Lib: DLC).

A collection of documents relating to the history of TsPA, its holdings and organization.

b-531. Iakushev, S.V. “Tsentral'nyi partiinyi arkhiv v 30-e gody.” Izvestiia istorii KPSS, 1991, no. 4-5, pp. 25–34. (Lib: DLC; MH).

b-532. “Tsentral'nyi partiinyi arkhiv.” In Otchet XVII s"ezdu VKP, pp. 82–104. Moscow: Partiinoe izd-vo, 1934.

A short fond-by-fond survey of the original holdings in the archive as organized in the 1930s.

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b-535. Nauchno-informatsionnyi biulleten' RGASPI. Moscow, 2000. 3 issues through 2006?. Continues Nauchno-informatsionnyi biulleten' RTsKhIDNI (b–535.1). [RGASPI].

b-535.1. Nauchno-informatsionnyi biulleten' RTsKhIDNI. Moscow, 1992-. Irregular. 10 issues through 1998. [RTsKhIDNI] (Lib: MH).
        INDEX: No. 6 includes bibliographical-analytical data on the contents of earlier issues.

The first issue (1992) includes special survey descriptions of documentation from international brigades during the Spanish Civil War (fond 545; 1936–1939) and the Poalei-Zionist organizations (fond 272; 1906–1928). The second issue (1993) surveys personal fonds of well-known German socialist leaders of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, documents from the Second (1920) Congress of the Communist International (fond 489), and the rich collection from the former Museum of Marx and Engels, which now comprises the Division of Museum Fonds. The third issue (1994) includes a survey of the records of the Cracow Union of Assistance for Political Prisoners.
        The fourth issue (1994) includes reports from an international seminar on business archives, surveys of the fonds of the Party Information Bureau (Cominform, fond 575, 1947–1956) and the editorial records of the journal Osvobozhdenie under the editorship of P.B. Struve (fond 279); it also includes published documents regarding the Lenin burial vault and Comintern sources relating to Party expenditures and international relations. The fifth issue (1995) contains materials from a 1994 conference on the Comintern held at RTsKhIDNI.
        The sixth issue (1995) contains reports on recent international conferences and developments, including the projected computerization of the Comintern archive; an explanation of declassification procedures for CPSU archives; a list of recently declassified documents in RTsKhIDNI; the RTsKhIDNI regulation on the use of documents relating to personal privacy; a survey of the papers of Feliks Dzerzhinskii (fond 76); brief annotations of recent publications, exhibitions, and acquisitions; and a full bibliography of publications by the archive and its associates (1992–1994), including those in the bulletin itself.
        The seventh issue reports on the work of RTsKhIDNI during 1995, describes the guide to personal papers with some sample entries, discusses archival reform in the early postrevolutionary period with related documents, and the acquisition of records of contemporary political parties.
        The eighth issue (1996) comprises papers from the June 1996 international conference on the “Comintern and Mongolia.”
        In addition to several documentary publications, the ninth issue (1997) surveys the collections of the RTsKhIDNI museum fond.
        The tenth issue surveys the instituted Comintern project, a survey or newly acquired personal papers (see b–598), and, in addition to several interesting published documents, a bibliography of RTsKhIDNI staff publications during 1997.
        Most issues include English resumés.

b-536. Izvestiia TsK KPSS: Informatsionnyi ezhemesiachnyi zhurnal. Moscow, 1989–Aug. 1991. Monthly. [IML TsK KPSS] (Lib: DLC; MH).

An important publication outlet for declassified documents from CPSU archives during the period of perestroika.

b-537. Nauchno-informatsionnyi biulleten' Tsentral'nogo partiinogo arkhiva. 23 vols. Moscow, 1959–1977. Irregular. [TsPA].

Includes many important articles about the holdings and methodological problems.

b-538. Izvestiia TsK VKP(b). Moscow, 1919–1929. Irregular. (Lib: DLC; IU).

An important publication outlet for information about and documents from the CP archive.

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Fonds of the former Komsomol Archive (1992–1999— TsKhDMO)
See the coverage in the RGASPI guide (b–515).

b-542. Ukolova, Vera Alekseevna. “Molodezhnyi arkhiv i ego fondy.” Nauchno-informatsionnyi biulleten' RGASPI, 2000, no. 1(11), pp. 63–69.

Surveys the history and holdings of the former Komsomol Archive/TsKhDMO.

b-543. Ioffe, Irina Abramovna; and Khorunzhii, Viktor Vasil'evich (Chorunshi, Wiktor). “Das Jugendarchive Russlands.” In Jahrbuch für zeitgeschichtliche Jugengforschung: 1994/95, pp. 289–98. Berlin: Metropol Verlag, 1995.

Survey the history and holdings of former TsKhDMO.

b-544. Khorunzhii, Viktor Vasil'evich. “Problemy i perspektivy razvitiia Tsentral'nogo arkhiva VLKSM.” In Voprosy metodiki raboty partiinykh arkhivov, edited by I.N. Amiantov, V.N. Chernous and V.N. Shepelev, pp. 177–200. Moscow: TsPA IML, 1989.

Includes a brief survey of the history and organization of the archive and its holdings.

b-545. Littsev, V.N. Istochnikovedenie istorii VLKSM: Uchebnoe posobie. Moscow, 1987. 107 p.

Provides considerable data regarding sources to be found in the center.

b-546. Kameneva, Tamara Aleksandrovna; and Khorunzhii, Viktor Vasil'evich. “Tsentral'nyi arkhiv VLKSM: Problemy i perspektivy.” Pozyvnye istorii 7 (1982), pp. 182–97. (Lib: IU; MH).

A survey about the organization and holdings of the archive.

b-547. Krivoruchenko, V.K. “Vazhnyi istoricheskii istochnik.” Sovetskie arkhivy, 1968, no. 4, pp. 16–23. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A brief survey regarding the Komsomol archive.

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Finding Aids —  General — Unpublished:

Fonds of the former Komsomol Archive (1992–1999— TsKhDMO)

Fonds of the former Komsomol Archive (1992–1999— TsKhDMO)
See the coverage in the RGASPI guide (b–515).

b-548. “Kratkii spravochnik po fondam Tsentra khraneniia dokumentov molodezhnykh organizatsii.” Compiled by M.A. Demakina, I.A. Ioffe and A.B. Koniukhov. Moscow: TsKhDMO, 1993. 10 p. Typescript. Deposited in SIF OTsNTI VNIIDAD, no. Dr 113-93.

This short guide to 34 fonds in former TsKhDMO serves as a temporary reference aid, but is now expanded and outdated in the new RGASPI guide (b–515). A copy is available in the reading room.

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Finding Aids —  Specialized:

For Jewish-related materials, see Dok. ist. evreev (1997), pp. 282–303. For lists of fonds of Russian émigré organizations, collections, and personal papers in former RTsKhIDNI, see Russ. Zarubez'e (1998), pp. 310–26. See the survey description of the “KAS-KOR” collection now held by RGASPI in: Paskalova, M.A.; Solov'eva, S.A.; and Strukova, E.N. Samizdat i novaia politicheskaia pressa: (po materialam kollektsii Moskvy i Sankt-Peterburga) (Moscow, 1993), pp. 14–16. For background on the holdings from the recently abolished Museum of K. Marx and F. Engels, and the archival holdings from the former Central Museum of V.I. Lenin, see Museums in Revolution: Four Historical Museums in Moscow/ Muzei v revoliutsii: Chetyre istoricheskikh muzeia v Moskve (Amsterdam, 1998); a more detailed description of the materials from these museums now held by RGASPI is in preparation.
        See the database for personnel files in fonds held by RGASPI on the website “Arkhivy Rossii”:

Fonds of the former Central Party Archive (TsPA, 1991–1999—RTsKhIDNI)
      • Famine in the USSR (1930s)
      • Microfilmed Opisi
      • Western European Holdings
            • Spanish Civil War
      • Jewish-Related Socialist Holdings
      • CC VKP(b)/ CPSU Documentation
      • Comintern/ Cominform Archives
      • Microform Collections (with finding aids)
      • Records of the State Committee on Defense (GKO)
      • Personal Papers
            • Stalin Archive
Declassified Records

Fonds of the former Central Party Archive (TsPA, 1991–1999—RTsKhIDNI)
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Famine in the USSR (1930s)
See Biulleten' rassekrechennykh dokumentov, no. 10, with details of recent declassified files relating to the 1930–1934 famine (below b–600)

b-550. Golod v SSSR. 1930–1934 gg. 3 vols. Moscow: Mezhdunarodnyi fond “Demokratiia”, 2011–2013. “Rossiia. XX vek: Dokumenty.”
Electronic edition:
(Also listed as b–32, b–277, c–110 and at the list of archival reference bibliography of this website)
        Vol. 1 in 2 books: 1929–iiul' 1932. 2011. 654 p. 555 p.
        Vol. 2: Iiul' 1932–iiul' 1933. 2012. 907 p.
        Vol. 3: Leto 1933–1934. 2013. 955 p.

The collection with reports culled from GA RF, RGAE, RGASPI (former CP Central Archive), and TsA FSB (former KGB archive) demonstrate increasing famine due to the speed of forced collectivization and excessive requisitioning of grain for export. The tragic results, as explained in the introduction, came from lack of grain supplies, peasant opposition to the Stalin agrarian policies, and central requisitioning for export in many areas of the USSR—especially black earth regions, northern Caucasus, Trans-Volga regions, and Kazakhstan, as well as the Ukrainian SSR.

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Microfilmed Opisi

b-552. Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State: Catalogue of Finding Aids and Documents from three key archives on microfilm. 4th ed. [Cambridge, UK]: Chadwyck-Healey, 2004. xviii, 89 p. [Rosarkhiv; Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace] (Lib: CSt-H; DLC; MH).
Electronic edition:
(Also listed as b–16 and b–622)
        3rd ed.: [Cambridge, UK]: Chadwyck-Healey, 2002. xviii, 90 p. [Rosarkhiv; Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace]
        Electronic ed.:
        1st ed.: 1995. xix, 88 p. with Supplement: January 1996. vi, 10 p.
        Russian version of 1st ed.: Arkhivy KPSS i sovetskogo gosudarstva: Katalog opisei i dokumentov. [Cambridge, UK], 1995. 85 p.
        Introduction by Jana Howlett available electrocally:

Many of the opisi covering postrevolutionary records were filmed in RGASPI (RTsKhIDNI) under the Rosarkhiv-Hoover project and are listed in the initial published catalogue of the microfilms. The English catalogue provides only an English-language list of fonds (in numerical order) for which opisi are available on microfilm, but the specific opisi are not indicated.
        The January 1996 Supplement (no longer available electronically) provides more details about the several series of complete files of documents (dela) available from selected opisi in fonds of the CPSU Central Committee (fond 17), Party Congresses and Conferences, Central Committee Plenums, and the Politburo. See the Hoover Institution catalogue of the selected microfilms from fond 17 listed below (b–553).
        CONTACT: Updated information is available from ProQuest Information and Learning Company, the successor company to Chadwyck-Healey. See the new website: Additional information about finding aids to some of the materials is available at the Hoover Institution:; e-mail: [email protected]; phone: (650) 723-3563; fax: (650) 725-3445.

b-553. Guide to the Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State: Microfilm Collection, 1993–1996. (Archives of the Soviet Communist Party and Soviet State: Microfilm Collection). Compiled by L. Soroka. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Archives, 2000. (Also listed as b–17, and b–623).

Provides a survey of the Hoover-Rosarkhiv microfilm collection noting the fonds in GA RF from which series of files are available on microfilm. On a more detailed level, provides complete opis, file, and film reel listings for the selected documentation from the records of the CPSU Central Committee and its predecessors (fond 17) available in the collection. More detailed catalogues covering microfilms from other fonds are in preparation, some of which are already available to researchers at the Hoover Institution.

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Western European Holdings

b-555. Kollektsiia dokumentov spetssluzhb Germanii 1912–1945 gg. (RGASPI, fond 458, opis' 9)/Collection of Captured German Security Services Documents, 1912–1945. Moscow, 2011–.
Electronic edition: http://rgaspi-458-9.germandocsinrussi...
The Russian-German project to digitize German documents in the archives of the Russian Federation executing by the Russian Historical Society (RIO), the Ministry of Defense (MO RF) and the Federal Archival Agency (Rosarkhiv) with support from the German Historical Institute (DHI) in Moscow.

Many of these documents were transferred to the Central Party Archive from the former Special Archive (TsGOA SSSR), and the contingent records now remain in RGVA, fonds 500k and 501k, covering files retrieved after the war from the records of the RSHA, including the Gestapo. Soviet authorities handed over many contingent files from those two record groups to East Germany in the 1950s, as indicated in the German-language opisi available on the Sonderarchive website. Those files have now been reprocessed and integrated with other RSHA records by the Bundesarchiv, Berlin-Lichterfelde, now Bestand R-58.

b-556. Fomichev, V.N. “Dokumental'nye materialy po istorii Zapadnoi Evropy XVIII–XIX vv.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1992, no. 3, pp. 215–18. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A brief survey of holdings relating to Western Europe.

b-557. Amiantov, Iurii Nikolaevich (Amiantov, Juri); and Anderson, Kirill Mikhailovich (Anderson, Kyrill). “Die Sammlungen des Russischen Zentrums zu Aufbewahrung und Erforschung von Dokumenten zur Neuesten Geschichte.” Beiträge zu Marx-Engels-Forschung, Neue Folge, 1995, pp. 215–21.

A brief survey of the history and holdings of RTsKhIDNI with emphasis on research and publication activities regarding Karl Marx and related Western European socialists.

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Spanish Civil War

b-558. “Interbrigady Respublikanskoi armii Ispanii”. Moscow: RGASPI, 2010.
Electronic edition:

Digitized files from RGASPI, fond 545, with documents from the 6 opisi from the International Brigades as part of the Spanish Republican Army during the Civil War with volunteers from 53 countries.

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Jewish-Related Socialist Holdings

b-560. Poalei Zion Archive. Leiden: Inter Documentation Company (IDC), 1998–. 5,039 microfiches. Microfiche edition with separate printed guide and electronic guide on CD-ROM in Russian and English. [IDC-PT-1].
        Additional information is available electronically at the BRILL website:

The microfiche edition contains the complete recently declassified extant files of the important labor Zionist organization in Russia, Poalei Zion (fond 272, 1917–1928), containing 758 files in three opisi that are filmed with the collection. There are documents of various Jewish political parties and organizations, along with writings and correspondence of prominent members of the world Zionist movement, and scattered newspapers and journals. A full-text searchable database based on the opisi is in preparation on a separate CD-ROM. Over half of the documents are in Yiddish (with separate annotations); 20–25% in Russian and 15–20% in Hebrew.

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CC VKP(b)/ CPSU Documentation
See also the analysis of CPSU records by Howlett, Jana; Khlevniuk, O.V.; Kosheleva, L.P. et al in The CPSU’s Top Bodies under Stalin: Their Operational Records and Structure of Command (Toronto, 1996) and in article by the same authors “Les sources archivistiques des organes dirigeants du PC(b)R,” Communisme (1995, nos. 42–44), pp. 15–34 and earlier studies of CPSU sources.

b-563. Politbiuro TsK RKP(b)–VKP(b): Povestki dnia zasedanii, 1919–1952: Katalog. Edited by G.M. Adibekov, K.M. Anderson and L.A. Rogovaia. 3 vols. Moscow, 2000–2001. [Rosarkhiv; RGASPI] (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).
        Vol. 1: ——1919–1929. 2000. 830 p.
        Vol. 2: ——1930–1939. 2001. 1198 p.
        Vol. 3: ——1940–1952. 2001. 1013 p.

b-564. Stalinskoe Politbiuro v 30-e gody: Sbornik dokumentov. Compiled by O.V. Khlevniuk, L.P. Kosheleva, A.V. Kvashonkin and L.A. Rogovaia. Edited by A. Berelowitch, A. Graziosi, A.V. Kvashonkin, et al. Moscow: “AIRO–XX”, 1995. 340 p. [Tsentr sotsial'no-gumanitarnogo obrazovaniia MGU; Instituto Italiano pe gli Studi Filosofici; Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales] (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A publication of an important collection of documents revealing Politburo functions, meetings, and personnel during the 1930s. Introductory essays to various sections provide revealing source-study analysis of the nature of the sources involved. An essential handbook for researchers.

b-565. Pokrovskii, Nikolai Nikolaevich. “Istochnikovedenie sovetskogo perioda: Dokumenty Politbiuro TsK RKP(b)–VKP(b) pervoi poloviny 1920-kh godov.” Arkheograficheskii ezhegodnik za 1994 god (1996), pp. 18–46. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A detailed analysis of the Politburo records, with emphasis on the recently opened protocols of Politburo meetings found in the Central Committee records (fond 17). Provides important explanations about the Politburo recordkeeping process and the attempt to provide a minimum of information in the preserved records.

b-566. David-Fox, Michael; and Hoffmann, David L. “The Politburo Protocols, 1919–40.” Russian Review 55 (January 1996), no. 1, pp. 99–103. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A brief research note about portions of the protocols of Politburo meetings found in the Central Committee records held in RTsKhIDNI (fond 17, opis' 3). The article was prepared before the opening of the “special files” and other materials attached to the protocols transferred from the AP RF, and does not take into account the background provided by b–564 and b–565.

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Comintern/ Cominform Archives
The list of fonds relating to Comintern available on the website: See also Comintern Archive: A look behind the scenes on microfiche, microfiche edition (below b–582).

b-571. Bachman, Ronald D. “The Comintern Archives Database: Bringing the Archives to Scholars.” Slavic & East European Information Resources 6 (2005), no. 2/3, pp. 23–36.

b-572. Bayerlein, Bernhard H.; Mouradian, Georges; Studer, Brigitte; and Wolikow, Serge. “Les Archives du Komintern a Moscou.” Vingtième siècle. Revue d'Histoire, 1999, no. 61, pp. 126–32.

b-573. Bayerlein, Bernhard H.; and Wolikow, Serge. “A Story the World Wants to Know. The Computerization of the Comintern Archive's International Project – guided by the Council of Europe, the International Council of Archives and the Federal Archive Service of Russia.” The International Newsletter of Communist Studies, 2000/2001, no. 14, pp. 532–37.

b-574. Haynes, John. Communist International (Comintern) Archives Project. The INCOMKA Project, The Library of Congress, Area Studies, European Division.
Electronic edition:

b-575. Kecskeméti, Charles. “Presentation of the Comintern Archives Project to The Bureau of the Steering Committee for Culture of the Council of Europe, Strasbourg, 15 march 2004.” The International Newsletter of Communist Studies X (2004), no. 17, pp. 11–15.

b-576. Kreikamp, Hans-Dieter. “Das Komintern-Projekt.” Mitteilungen aus dem Bundesarchiv, 2011, no. 1, pp. 11–15.

b-577. Shakhnazarova, Eleonora Nikolaevna; and Shchechilina, V.N. “Arkhiv Kominterna.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1992, no. 3, pp. 209–14. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A survey of the history and holdings of the Comintern Archive.

b-578. Anderson, Kirill Mikhailovich. “Novyi oblik Arkhiva Kominterna.” Otechestvennye arkhivy, 1998, no. 1, pp. 17–20. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Describes the international project supported by the Council of Europe and the International Council on Archives for providing computerized reference access and scanned images for the Comintern Archive.

b-579. Firsov, Fridrikh Igorevich. “Arkhivy Kominterna i vneshniaia politika SSSR v 1939–1941 gg.” Novaia i noveishaia istoriia, 1992, no. 6, pp. 12–35. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Provides many examples of revelations from the newly-opened Comintern archives.

b-580. Adibekov, Grant Mkrtychevich; Shakhnazarova, Eleonora Nikolaevna; and Shirinia, Kirill Kirillovich. Organizatsionnaia struktura Kominterna 1919–1943. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 1997. 287 p. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A fundamental study of the structural organization of the Comintern, its various departments and offices, with references to available archival materials in formerly RTsKhIDNI (now RGASPI). Includes a name index.

b-581. The Cominform: Minutes of the Three Conferences, 1947/1948/1949. Edited by G.M. Adibekov, A. di Biagio, G. Procacci, et al. Milan: Feltrinelli Editore, 1994. xxvii, 1054 p. “Feltrinelli Foundation, Annali,” vol. 30. (Lib: DLC).
        RUSSIAN ED.: Soveshchaniia Kominforma, 1917, 1948, 1949: Dokumenty i materialy. Moscow: ROSSPEN, 1998. xlvi, 753 p. (Lib: MH).

A major complete publication of the stenographic transcripts of Cominform conference proceedings. Two of the appendices are of particular reference relevance with a survey of Cominform records:
        Adibekov, Grant. “Something about the Sources” (pp. 1029–33) and
        Gibianskii, Leonid; and Yermolaeva, Rozaliia. “The Information Bureau of the Communist Parties: A Brief Survey of Collection 575 at RTsKhIDNI” (pp. 1035–46).
        The Russian edition is revised and expanded from the initial English edition.

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Microform Collections (with finding aids)

b-582. Comintern Archive: A look behind the scenes on microfiche. Edited by K.M. Anderson. Leiden: Inter Documentation Company (IDC), 1994–. 14,569 microfiches. Microfiche edition.
        Comintern Archive: Electronic Guide on CD-ROM. Leiden: IDC, 1998. (Lib: MH).

Complete files of the seven Congresses and thirteen plenums (1919–1935) are available for purchase on microfiche. The opisi are available on separate microfiche and also in a key-word, searchable database available on a separate CD-ROM, with texts and indexes in German, Russian, and English.

b-583. Files of the Communist Party of the USA in the Comintern Archives. Compiled by J.E. Haynes, H. Klehr, V. Pedersen and H. Romerstein. Edited by J.E. Haynes. Leiden: IDC Publlishers, 2003. 326 reels. Microfilm edition.
        Additional information is available electronically at the IDC website:
        [Brochure]: Files of the Communist Party of the USA in the Comintern Archives. Leiden: IDC, 200?. 4 p. Electronic version:
        [Guide]: Files of the Communist Party of the USA in the Comintern Archives: Temporary register for the collection. Leiden: IDC, 200?. 84 p. Electronic version:

The CP USA collection in the Comintern Archives (fond 515) includes 4,313 numbered files (dela). Documentation consists largely of the original headquarters records of the CP USA shipped to Moscow many decades ago, spanning the period from 1912 to 1944 but mostly dating from 1922 to 1936.

b-584. Files of the Communist Party of Japan. Leiden: IDC Publlishers, 2004–. 132 reels. Microfilm edition.
        Additional information is available electronically at the BRILL website:
        [Brochure]: Comintern Archive: Files of the Communist Party of Japan: Unique, formerly classified documents. Leiden: IDC, 200?. 4 p. Electronic version:

The 616 files of the Communist Party of Japan (CPJ) cover the period 1919–1941 and include extensive documentation on the relations between the Soviet Communist Party and its counterparts in Japan, the Far East, Europe, and America. (fond 495, opis' 127, delo 1–616).

b-585. Files of the Communist Party of Mexico. Leiden: IDC Publlishers, 2006–. 29 reels. Microfilm edition.
        Additional information is available electronically at the BRILL website:
        [Brochure]: Comintern Archive: Files of the Communist Party of Mexico, 1919–1940. Leiden: IDC, 2006. 2 p. Electronic version:

The 231 files of the Communist Party of Mexico cover the period 1919–1940 and include extensive documentation on the relations between the Comintern and its counterparts in Mexico and other countries in Latin America (fond 495, opis' 108).

b-586. World of Children in the USSR: Artek Pioneer Camp Archives, 1944–1967. Leiden: IDC, 2007?. 59 reels. Microfilm edition. [IDC-KA-1].
        Additional information is available electronically at the BRILL website:
        [Brochure]: Electronic version:

The 495 files of the V.I. Lenin All-Union Pioneer Camp “Artek” cover the period 1944–1967.

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Records of the State Committee on Defense (GKO)

b-590. Perechen' rassekrechennykh dokumentov Gosudarstvennogo Komiteta Oborony SSSR (1941–1945 gg.). Moscow: Rosarkhiv, 1999–2000.
Electronic edition:
Originally published as Biulleten' rassekrechennykh dokumentov federal'nykh arkhivov i tsentrov khraneniia dokumentatsii, vols 1, 2 and 3.

A detailed list of selected files within the GKO records that were prepared for declassification. However, as of April 2004, these files have not been declassified and hence are not open to researchers. Original issued as the second information bulletin on declassified files in the limited circulation Rosarkhiv series. The electronic version does not reference the earlier printed edition.

b-590.1. Biulleten' rassekrechennykh dokumentov federal'nykh arkhivov i tsentrov khraneniia dokumentatsii. Vol. 6. [Dokumenty Gosudarstvennogo Komiteta Oborony, rassekrechennye Mezhvedomstvennoi komissiei po zashchite gosudarstvennoi tainy: Rossiiskii gosudarstvennyi arkhiv sotsial'no-politicheskoi istorii]. Compiled by I.I. Kudriavtsev and G.V. Medzhlumian. Edited by T.F. Pavlova. Moscow, 2005. 661 p. [Minkul'tury; Rosarkhiv; RGASPI].

The sixth issue of Biulleten' (2005) covers declassified decrees of GKO for 1941–1945 (RGASPI, fond 644, opis' 1).

b-591. Toman, B.A. “O baze dannykh po dokumentam GKO.” Otechestvennye arkhivy, 1995, no. 1, pp. 117–18. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Describes the database being established for the records of the State Committee on Defense (GKO) during World War II.

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Personal Papers

b-595. Leaders of the Russian Revolution. Edited by J. Howlett. Cambridge: Chadwyck-Healey, [1993–1994]. A printed leaflet (7 p.) describes the collections. (Lib: CSt-H; DLC; IU; MH).
Microform series.
        ——: A Guide to the Microfilm Collection. 33 p.
        Description available electronically at the ProQuest website:

The TsPA collections of personal papers of selected revolutionary leaders are now available in their entirety on microform—P.B. Aksel'rod, M.I. Kalinin, S.M. Kirov (Kostrikov), L. Martov (Iu.O. Tsederbaum), V.M. Molotov (Skriabin), G.K. Ordzhonikidze, L.D. Trotskii (Bronshtein), V.I. Zasulich, and A.A. Zhdanov. The opisi for each of the fonds are recorded on the first microfilm in each case.

b-596. Fond dokumentov V.I. Lenina. 2d ed. Moscow: Izd-vo politicheskoi literarury, 1983 [1984]. 334 p. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).
        1st ED.: Moscow: Izd-vo politicheskoi literatury, 1970. 307 p. [IDC-R-11,055] (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

Surveys documents in fond no. 2, and related Lenin materials, but only covers the then-open part of the fond. Also surveys Lenin-related documentation in other Soviet state archives and some held abroad. Includes an introductory history of TsPA.

b-597. Cohen, Yves. “Les lettres comme action: Stalin au début des années 1930 vu depuis le fonds Kaganovič.” Cahiers du Monde russe 38 (July-September 1997), no. 3, pp. 307–46. (Lib: DLC; IU; MH).

A revealing analysis based on the newly opened papers of L.M. Kaganovich, transferred to RTsKhIDNI from AP RF. Includes a survey of the papers and comments on other fonds of personal papers transferred from AP RF.

b-598. Iudinkova, Galina. “Novye postupleniia: Lichnye arkhivy RTsKhIDNI.” Nauchno-informatsionnyi biulleten' RTsKhIDNI, 1998, no. 10, pp. 28–41. (Lib: MH).

Surveys newly received and declassified personal papers, with short annotations for those of CPSU leader L.M. Kaganovich, N.S. Khrushchev, Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR A.I. Luk'ianov, T.Iu. Popova, neice of Iu. Martov, Ukrainian First CP Secretary P.E. Shelest, CP leader from the Ural region N.I. Ryzhkov, and O.D. Ul'ianova, neice of V.I. Lenin.

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Stalin Archive

b-599. Elektronnyi arkhiv I.Stalina/Stalin Digital Archive. Moscow/New Haven: RGASPI/Yale University Press, 2011. Electronic project.
Electronic edition:

The Internet Stalin Digital Archive (SDA), resulting from collaboration between RGASPI (Moscow) and Yale University Press (New Haven, CT, USA) includes digitized documents from the recently declassified Stalin archive in RGASPI and extracts from 25 volumes of the Yale “Annals of Communism” publication series.
        The electronic archive will eventually contain more than 28,000 documents (404,000 pages), including letters written by Stalin and hundreds of books from his personal library, with his marginal notes. The archive also contains new material on Stalin's political life and his relationships with world leaders, including the complete wartime correspondence between Stalin and President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
        The SDA was launched in 2011 as announced on the website of the Yale University Press: As of spring 2013, the SDA will be distributed on a subscription basis by East View Publications

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Declassified Records

b-600. Biulleten' rassekrechennykh dokumentov federal'nykh arkhivov [i tsentrov khraneniia dokumentatsii]. Moscow, 1998–. 12 issues through 2011.
        Nos 1, 2 and 3 (1998, 1999, 2000): records of the State Committee on Defense (GKO) during World War II (fond 644, opisi 1, 2, 3, 4); also listed as b–590.
        No. 4 (2002): Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SVAG) from fond 17, opisi 127, 128, 136.
        No. 5 (2004) Personal papers of A.A. Zhdanov (fond 77, opis' 3, 4) and N.I. Ezhov (fond 671, opis' 1.
        No. 6 (2005): decrees of GKO for 1941–1945 from fond 644, opis' 1; also listed as b–590.1.
        No. 7: (2006): records of the Foreign Policy Commission (fond 17, opis' 137).
        No. 8 (2007): Personal Papers: G.B. Chicherin (fond 159, opis' 2), V.M. Molotov (fond 82, opis' 2), and A.I. Mikoian (fond 84, opis' 1).
        No. 9: (2008) Central Committee (fond 17): Administrative Division (opis' 136) and the Division of International Information of the CPSU (opis' 144).
        No. 10 (2009) Famine in the USSR in 1932–1933 (1,482 documents of Central Committee, fond 17, opis' 42), as well some documents of fonds of A.A. Andreev (fond 73, opis' 2), L.M. Kaganovich (fond 81, opis' 3), G.M. Malenkov (fond 83, opis' 1); also the Commission of Defence (1952, fond 17, opis' 164).
        No. 11 (2010) Komsomol Archive: VLKSM Central Committee from 1962 to 1978 (fond M-1, opis' 1s).
        No. 12 (2011): GKO (1941–1945, fond 644, opis' 2), the Committee of Youth Organizations of the USSR (1962–1971), the Central Komsomol School (1949–1969), the Institute of Social Sciences (1963–1991).

See listings under Reference Bibliography for a selected partial but annotated list of fonds that have been declassified.
        Fond 556, opis' 18 (Otdel mashinostroeniia TsK KPSS po RSFSR. 1962–1966 g.) and fond M-5, opisi 1 and 7 (Biuro mezhdunarodnogo molodezhnogo turizma [BMMT] “Sputnik”. 1984–1986 gg.) were declassified also in 2011–2012, but didn't include to this bulletin.

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ABB ArcheoBiblioBase Archeo Biblio Base Patricia Kennedy Grimsted