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ArcheoBiblioBase: Archives in Russia: F-1Last update of repository: 15 March 2020
Nauchno-informatsionnyi i prosvetitel'skii tsentr “Memorial” (NIPTs “Memorial”)
Address: 127006, Moscow, ul. Karetnyi riad, 5/10
Telephone: +7 495 650-78-83, +7 495 699-60-31 (Archive of the History of Dissidence)
Fax: +7 495 609-06-94E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com (Archive of the history of dissidence)
Head of the Archive: Alena Gennad'evna Kozlova (tel. +7 495 699-65-71); e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Curator of the Archive of the History of Dissidence: Tat'iana Mikhailovna Khromova (tel. +7 495 699-60-31)
The Memorial Archive consists of separate thematic collections, most of which are organized as semi-independent entities with a designated archivist in charge; many have online catalogues with search facilities (in Russian):
Archive of the History of GULAG (1918–1956) (https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections...);
Archive of the History of Dissidence (1953–1987) (https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections...);
Collection of Documents of Ostarbeiters [Eastern Workers in Germany from the USSR] (https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections...);
Collection of Audio- and Video Materials (https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections...);
Center for Oral History and Biography (https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections...);
Photograph Archive (https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections...; http://www.foto-memorial.org/).
The Archive retains documentation predominantly of a private nature. There are personal files of individuals who were repressed for political reasons in the USSR from the 1920s through the 1980s. These contain originals and copies of documents related to arrests and trials, including official search records (protokoly obyskov), death certificates, petitions for release, and correspondence with organs of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD), KGB, and Prosecutor’s Office—along with correspondence with Memorial of the repressed and their relatives from various places in the former USSR. Personal files are grouped in four fonds (17,000 items; 1927–1993).
A large complex of records relates to the scientific research and publishing projects of the Society.
One of the most significant projects within the framework of the “History of the GULAG” (1918–1956) resulted in the 1998 directory of prison camps throughout Russia with data about access to archival documentation—see Sistema ispravitel'no-trudovykh lagerei v SSSR, 1923–1960: Spravochnik (Moscow, 1998). The records of thisproject include copies of official documents, as well as materials collected from individuals and gathered during special archeographic expeditions.
The Archive of the History of Dissidence [inakomyslie] in the USSR from 1950 to 1980 includesdata for a bio-bibliographic dictionary of the dissident movement. There are now a total of 26 fonds and collections related to this subject (160,000 folios). There are registration forms (over 12,000) of political prisoners from camps in the Mordovskaia Autonomous Republic and Perm area, as well as lists of political prisoners prepared by the Solzhenitsyn Foundation and the Committee of Relatives of Imprisoned Evangelical Baptists.
There are copies of many unofficial periodicals, such as the journals Summa, Obvodnoi kanal, and Vestnik istiny, the Pamiat' samizdat collection, and the samizdat information bulletins “Chronicle of Current Events” (Khronika tekushchikh sobytii) and“V.”. Bio-bibliographic and reference materials have been compiled from many samizdat journals. A considerable complex of records relates to the human rights movement, namely, appeals to the government of the USSR and of foreign countries, open letters, and so-called “letters in defense.”
Two collections and one fond relate to ostarbaitery, with over 400,000 units (1941–1993). One collection has over 400,000 petitions from individualssent to Germany for forced labor, and a second collection consists of memoirs. A comparatively small fond retains personal Ostarbeitery files. Considerable documentation was received from various Slavic studies institutes and centers in Germany, the Heinrich Böll Foundation, and Russian-German friendship societies.
The Center has an extensive Photograph Archive, formed in part from photographs taken by Memorial on the history of social movements during the period of perestroika, former prison camps and sites of mass burial, as well as of materials acquired from state archives—the Russian State Archive of Documentary Film and Photographs (RGAKFD—B–11) and the Central State Archive of Documentary Films and Photographs (TsGAKFD) of Kazakhstan, as well as museums in Solovki, Noril'sk, Karelia, Vorkuta, and Tobol'sk. There are also the personal collections of the photographers E.F. Lukin and V.P. Nadezhdin.
The Archive of the History of Dissidence has a document-by-document inventory, a catalogue of names (with card files of individuals mentioned), and a bibliographic card catalogue (with mention of texts). For the fond of personal files of repressed individuals and the section for ostarbaitery, there are catalogues of names, a card catalogue of informers and relatives of the creator of the fond, and opisi of the fonds. A subject catalogue is being established for the photograph archive. The database “Electronic archive of the history of the repressions” contains over 85,000 personalities.
Archival databases are available electronically on the website of Memorial: https://www.memo.ru/ru-ru/collections....